The Legolas parfile allows for a full customisation of all Legolas variables. Lots of these variables have default values, except for the ones you have to set. These are initialised using a Fortran ieee_quiet_nan, so if a variable is not properly set a NaN is propagated and flagged during the sanity checks. Legolas explicitly inspects your equilibrium for nonsensical values and will warn you if something is not right. Whenever the code catches something during its inspection phase it either logs a warning and continues running, or exits with an error depending on the severity of the issue.

You can create the parfile manually using this guide, or let Pylbo take care of generating one. More information on generating parfiles with Pylbo can be found here.


This namelist includes all grid-related variables.

Warning: For cylindrical geometries we override the start value with r = 0.025 if it is initialised with zero. Some matrix elements scale with $1/r$ and may blow up when r = 0, resulting in numerical difficulties. Note that the matrix elements and equilibria are evaluated in the Gaussian grid, the first point of which may be very small but will never be exactly zero.

Setting force_r0 = .true. in the gridlist forces the r = 0 condition, but this is not recommended.

Parameter Type Description Default value
geometry string geometry of the setup, "Cartesian" or "cylindrical". Must be set in the parfile or equilibrium module -
x_start real start of the grid, must be set -
x_end real end of the grid, must be set -
gridpoints int base number of gridpoints to use 31
force_r0 logical forces r=0 in cylindrical geometry .false.
coaxial logical use a coaxial inner boundary in cylindrical geometry .false.


This namelist includes all equilibrium-related variables.

Parameter Type Description Default value
equilibrium_type string the equilibrium configuration to use, see the various options "adiabatic_homo"
boundary_type string boundary conditions to use "wall"
use_defaults logical if .true., uses the default values in the equilibrium submodule .true.


This namelist includes all physics-related variables.

Parameter Type Description Default value
mhd_gamma real the value for the ratio of specific heats $\gamma$ $\frac{5}{3}$
flow logical inclusion of background flow effects .false.
radiative_cooling logical inclusion of optically thin radiative losses .false.
ncool int amount of points used to interpolate the radiative cooling tables 4000
cooling_curve string cooling curve to use, options are "jc_corona", "dalgarno", "ml_solar", "spex", "spex_dalgarno" and "rosner" "jc_corona"
external_gravity logical inclusion of external gravity .false.
thermal_conduction logical inclusion of thermal conduction .false.
use_fixed_tc_para logical whether to use a constant value for thermal conduction parallel to the magnetic field lines .false.
fixed_tc_para_value real constant value to use if use_fixed_tc_para = .true. 0
use_fixed_tc_perp logical whether to use a constant value for thermal conduction perpendicular to the magnetic field lines .false.
fixed_tc_perp_value real constant value to use if use_fixed_tc_perp = .true. 0
resistivity logical inclusion of resistivity .false.
use_fixed_resistivity logical whether to use a constant resistivity value .false.
fixed_eta_value real constant value to use if use_fixed_resistivity = .true. 0
use_eta_dropoff logical if .true., smoothly drops off the resistivity profile to zero near the edges using a hyperbolic tangent profile .false.
dropoff_edge_dist real distance between grid edge and the smoothened profile center if use_eta_dropoff = .true. 0.05
dropoff_width real sets the width over which the profile is smoothened out if use_eta_dropoff = .true. 0.1
viscosity logical inclusion of viscosity .false.
viscous_heating logical whether to include viscous heating in the viscosity prescription .false.
viscosity_value real constant value for the viscosity 0
incompressible logical if .true., uses an incompressible approximation  .false.
hall_mhd logical inclusion of Hall effects .false.
elec_intertia logical whether to include the electron intertia term in Ohm’s law if hall_mhd = .true. .false.


This namelist includes all solver-related variables. For more information, see Solvers

Parameter Type Description Default value
solver string which solver to use, if ‘none’ eigenvalues and -functions are set to NaN "QR-invert"
arpack_mode string the mode for ARPACK, only used if solver="arnoldi" "standard"
number_of_eigenvalues int number of eigenvalues to calculate (k) , only used if solver="arnoldi" 10
which_eigenvalues string which eigenvalues to calculate, only used if solver="arnoldi" "LM"
maxiter int the maximum number of iterations the Arnoldi or inverse iteration solver may take max(100, 10k)
sigma complex sigma-value around which to do shift-invert, only for arpack_mode="shift-invert" and inverse iteration -
ncv int  the number of basis vectors used by the Arnoldi solver 2 $\times$ number_of_eigenvalues
tolerance real tolerance used for eigenvalue convergence in the solvers $5 \times 10^{-15}$


This namelist includes all units-related variables.

Parameter Type Description Default value
cgs_units logical if .true. cgs normalisations are used .true.
unit_density real sets the unit density N/A (we use temperature instead)
unit_temperature real sets the unit temperature $10^6$ K
unit_magneticfield real sets the unit magnetic field $10$ Gauss
unit_length real sets the unit length $ 10^9$ cm
mean_molecular_weight real the mean molecular weight to use 1


This namelist includes all variables related to data output.

Note: Legolas uses a logging-based system to write information to the console, similar to Python’s logging module. The level of output is controlled through the integer logging_level:

  • level 0 : only critical errors are printed, everything else is suppressed. Use this for multiruns
  • level 1 : only critical errors and warnings are printed
  • level 2 : prints info messages, warnings and critical errors
  • level 3 : (or higher) prints debug messages in addition to all of the above
Parameter Type Description Default value
write_matrices logical if .true. the matrices are written to the datfile .false.
write_eigenfunctions logical if .true. eigenfunctions are calculated and written to the datfile .true.
write_derived_eigenfunctions logical if .true. also calculates derived eigenfunction quantities ($\nabla \cdot \mathbf{B_1}$, $S$, $v_\parallel$, etc.) .false.
write_eigenvectors logical if .true. the eigenvectors are calculated and written to the datfile .false.
write_residuals logical if .true. the relative residuals are calculated and written to the datfile .true.
write_eigenfunction_subset logical if .true. only saves a part of the eigenfunctions to the datfile, based on a given radius and complex point .false.
eigenfunction_subset_center complex point in the complex plane that defines the center of the circle in which to save eigenfunctions, needs eigenfunction_subset_radius to be set -
eigenfunction_subset_radius float radius around eigenfunction_subset_center, all eigenvalues within this circle will have their eigenfunctions saved  -
show_results logical calls the python wrapper after the run is finished and plots the results, requires to be in the same directory as the executable. .true.
basename_datfile string the base name of the datfile, this is prepended with the output directory and appended with ".dat" "datfile"
basename_logfile string if not an empty string, saves the eigenvalues to a plain text file with name basename_logfile.log (mainly used for testing) ""
output_folder string the output folder, this is prepended to the datfile name "output"
logging_level int controls the amount of console info, see the note above 2
dry_run logical if .true. forces all eigenvalues to zero and does not call the solver, useful for iterating over the equilibrium implementation .false.


This namelist handles constant parameters which are used in the equilibrium prescriptions, and is only read in if use_defaults = .false.. This is meant to be used in parameter studies, for a comprehensive list of all the possible parameters we refer to this page in the Legolas source code documentation. To see which parameters are used in which equilibria, take a look here.

Note: setting a variable with the paramlist does NOT automatically include it in the equilibrium configuration. For this to have any effect you have to use that variable in your submodule as well. For example, if you never set a magnetic field in your submodule and never use the cte_B02 variable, setting cte_B02 = 1.0d0 in the paramlist will have no effect. Take a look at the different equilibria to see which parameters are supported.